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Tooth Decay

Tooth Decay: Is the major cause of tooth loss in patients under twenty-five years old and it also is very significant in patients over sixty who have certain medical conditions or are on one or more of the numerous medications that cause dry mouth. A destructive process is caused by the bacteria that are present in everyone's mouth, using sugars to produce acid that causes cavities in the tooth. Untreated, the tooth decay proceeds through the hard enamel layer and softer dentine layer, weakening the tooth structure, possibly involving the pulp (nerve and blood supply). Depending on the amount of destruction, a root canal and crown or extraction may be needed.